4:160-AP2 Integrated Pest Management Program
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) is an effective and environmentally sensitive approach to pest control. It involves identifying and correcting the problems that lead to pest problems and the use of non-chemical and least-hazardous control methods to address existing infestations. The term “pesticide” includes insecticides, herbicides, rodenticides, and fungicides.
II. Pest Management Objectives
It is the policy of this School District to utilize IPM principles to manage pest populations adequately. While it is the goal of this IPM to reduce and ultimately eliminate use of toxic chemicals, toxic chemicals may become necessary in certain situations. The choice of using a pesticide will be based on a review of all other options and a determination that these options alone are not acceptable, feasible or adequate. The objectives of the IPM are:
a. Manage pests found on school site to prevent interference with the learning environment.
b. Prevent injury to students, staff and other occupants.
c. Preserve the integrity of school buildings or structures.
d. Prevent pests from spreading in the community or to plant and animal populations beyond the site.
e. Enhance the quality of life for students, staff and others.
III. Roles and Responsibilities
|Position Title or Individual||Responsibility|
|Director of Buildings and Grounds||
IPM Coordinator. District designated person to assume responsibility for oversight of IPM program.
Ensures proper notification (see 4:160-AP3 Pesticide Application Procedure
|School Office Secretary||Maintain site copy of Service Request Log Book.|
|Pest Control Contractor (currently Chemwise)||
Checks in with front office and/or custodian for any service request.
Performs a thorough inspection of service areas including bait
stations and monitors.
Replaces bait and/or glue board monitors as needed.
Inspects/treats any request areas (using bait or glue boards only).
Fills out a PMR (Pest Management Report) documenting any sanitation or structural issues along with the service invoice.
Advises staff of any issues that need to be corrected (includes doing a “walk-thru” to physically show the staff the problem areas).
IV. Integrated Pest Management Procedures
IPM procedures will determine when to actively control pests and whether to use mechanical, physical, chemical, cultural and/or biological means. When it is determined that a pesticide must be used to meet the IPM objectives, the least harmful to human health and the environment will be used judiciously. The district recognizes and adheres to the following procedures:
a. Integrated Pest Management programs are designed to prevent pest problems whenever possible. This is done through monitoring, regular inspections, high standards of sanitation and pest-proofing measures, and modification of environmental conditions conducive of pest problems.
b. The District will establish periodic inspection, monitoring and reporting procedures.
c. The District will establish pest tolerance thresholds and response times for common pests.
d. When pests exceed tolerance thresholds, non-chemical pest control measures and IPM strategies as described in the IPM pest outlines will be practiced and action will occur within the specified response time.
e. Pesticides will be used when appropriate, along with other management practices, when other pest prevention and non-chemical control measures have failed to reduce pests below tolerance thresholds. When a pesticide must be used, products that are least harmful to human health and the environment will be used.
f. Pesticides will be used only in containerized baits, or for spot treatments targeting insect infestations or problem areas where a minimal amount of material can be used. Routine spraying for pests is prohibited. Rodent baits shall not be used unless in tamper-resistant bait boxes. Bait boxes shall be inaccessible to children and secured when appropriate. Routine general spraying of non-target pests is prohibited.
g. All pesticides applications must be approved by the IPM Coordinator prior to application. All notification requirements will be met before the pesticide application. The District will follow all applicable regulations requiring applicator licensing and all personnel will be licensed appropriately before being required to administer a pesticide. Pesticides shall be applied in minimum amounts and shall not be used when children and staff are present in the treatment area. Toys and other items mouthed or handled by children must be removed from the area before pesticides are applied. No one will return to the treated area within two hours after a pesticide application or as specified on the pesticide label, whichever is greater.
h. The application of pesticides is subject to the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (7USC 136 et seq.), U.S. EPS regulations, Occupational Safety and Health Administration regulations, and state and local regulations.
i. Follow-up inspections and monitoring will be performed to determine the effectiveness of the IPM strategies applied. The IPM Coordinator will continually update the IPM plan with the knowledge gained from the follow-up inspections.
j. The IPM plan will be reviewed annually to ensure all activities that take place in the facility are addressed and that the current IPM strategies are included.
Staff, students, IPM coordinator, contractors, and the public will be informed about potential school pest problems and the IPM policies and procedures set in place to achieve the desired pest management objectives.
a. Parents/Guardians will be informed annually about the IPM policy;
b. Staff will receive information and/or training on their role in the IPM plan.
VI. Record Keeping
A complete and accurate pest management log will be maintained for each property and kept with the IPM plan. Pesticide use records will also be maintained to keep a historical account of pesticide use. Each school office will keep a Service Request Logbook containing the following:
a. Inspection sheets
b. Pest surveillance data sheets that record in a systematic fashion the type and number of pests or other indicators of pest population levels revealed by the monitoring program. Examples include: date, number, location and rodent species trapped or carcasses removed.
c. Pest sighting forms and action taken.
d. A diagram noting the location of pest activity including the location of all trapping devices and bait stations in or around the site
e. A copy of the current EPA-registered label and Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) for each pesticide product used on the site, records of where each was used, and the amount applied.
The District will notify parents/guardians and school staff of upcoming pesticide treatments. Notification of antimicrobial agents such as disinfectants, sanitizers, deodorizers or pesticides in bait form is not required. The Illinois Structural Pest Control Act, the Illinois Child Care Act, and the Illinois Lawn Care Products Application and Notice Act require prior notification to occupants when pesticides are used. All applicable rules and regulations regarding notification will be adhered to.
VIII. Guidelines for Pest Tolerance Levels
The following guidelines for pest tolerance levels are excerpted from A Practical Guide to Management of Common Pests in Schools developed by the Illinois Department of Public Health.
|Ants||In a food area they should be eliminated quickly as they may contaminate open food, although to a lesser degree then files or roaches. In nonfood areas they are strictly a nuisance and should be handled as such. Ants outside a building that are not migrating into the building are more beneficial than detrimental and should be left alone.|
|Bats||These are protected animals and can only be removed by a specialist who is licensed by the Illinois Department of Natural Resources. Although bats are nocturnal and are beneficial in their feedings on night-flying insects, they can pose some problems for a school. If they are allowed to roost in a building for a long time, the accumulation of bat droppings can become a health hazard, and can cause physical damage to the building. If a student handles a sick bat on the playground, there could be a serious health problem.|
|Birds||In general, birds should not present a problem for a school. However, bird nesting on school buildings should be discouraged to prevent accumulation of droppings that may harbor pathogens and to prevent migration of pests such as fowl mites or carpet beetles from an abandoned nest into classrooms.|
|Biting or stinging insects||These include bees, yellowjackets, wasps, brown recluse spiders, and black widow spiders. They can cause a serious health threat to some children and adults who are hyperallergic to stings or bites. For this reason, there should be no tolerance for these pests either inside or outside of the building.|
|Cereal Pests||These infest flour and other cereal grain products and should not be tolerated. Ingestion of insects or pathogens in infested grain products can cause illness in anyone who consumes the food.|
|Cockroaches||There should be no tolerance for cockroaches in any area of the facility. They can carry several pathogens that cause health problems under certain circumstances, including salmonella and causing asthmatic reactions.|
|House Flies||In nonfood areas, these are more a nuisance than a threat. An occasional house fly in a nonfood area is not a cause for alarm. Many flies in a nonfood area could be a sign of a sanitation problem that needs to be addressed. Houseflies in a food area cannot be tolerated. The pads of the feet of flies are sticky and pick up debris from wherever they land. If the fly should land on garbage or animal feces and fly into the kitchen and land on exposed food, some of the debris will be transferred to the food.|
|Other Flies||Small numbers of other flies do not constitute a health threat, but the can be a nuisance and should be treated as such. However, many flies in a room or area may indicate a problem that needs to be investigated.|
|Mice||There should be no tolerance in any area of the school for mice. They contaminate food by gnawing into unopened packages and by urinating or defecating on open food or food preparation surfaces. Their constant gnawing can cause damage to the building and, in extreme cases, may cause an electrical short and result in fire. If a student or staff person attempted to pick up a mouse, he or she could receive a rather nasty bite.|
|Occasionally invading insects||These include such pests as Crickets, spiders (except Brown Recluse and Black Widow Spiders), Boxelder Bugs, Millipedes, Clover Mites (Not Fowl Mites), Springtails, etc. These insects are not a health threat and only become a nuisance if they appear in large numbers or are found near open food areas.|
|Raccoons||These are protected animals and can only be removed from a school by a specialist who is licensed by the Illinois Department of Natural Resources. Raccoons are nocturnal and normally would not contact students or staff. However, they should be removed from the facility as they can be physically destructive to the building. They can get into garbage and create a mess that is attractive to flies and other pests. Additionally, they can carry fleas, and there have been a few isolated cases where children have been bitten by raccoons.|
|Rats||There should be no tolerance for rats inside or outside of the school building anytime. Like mice, the contaminate food by gnawing into unopened packages and by urinating or defecating on open food or food preparation surfaces. Their gnawing habits can cause damage to the building and they could cause a fire by gnawing into an electrical wire. A bite from a rat can be more serious than one received from a mouse.|
|Squirrels||These are protected animals and can only be removed by a specialist who is licensed by the Illinois Department of Natural Resources. Squirrels can cause physical damage to a building and they can carry fleas. They tend to be more “people tolerant” and will feed on scraps found on the school grounds or in a garbage area during the daytime. This will increase the possibility of student coming in contact with one.|
IX. Pest Response Times
IPM pest response to a pest problem must be both timely and effective. However, the facility managers must recognize that some pest problems are more serious than others and pest problems that threaten the physical safety of students and/or staff should have higher priority than the mere presence of a single nonthreatening bug.
|Within four hours||Potential harm to students or staff||Rodents where students or staff are likely to contact them;
Wildlife (raccoons, opossums, feral cats, bats, etc.) where students or staff are likely to contact them.
Stinging or biting insects.
|One Working Day||Potential medical harm to students or staff||Fleas, lice, bed/bag bugs and poisonous spiders|
|One Working Day||Potential for food contamination||Cereal pests, roaches, rodents, ants in kitchen or food storage areas and flies around food.|
|One to Two Working Days||Sighting of large numbers of non-threatening bugs||Ant or termite colonies in the building, movement into the building of millipedes, crickets, Boxelder bugs, etc.|
Date Adopted: April 16, 2014